Materials.Business Weekly ⚙️

July 13, 2021

Quote of the week: '' Science is the engine that pulls humanity forward. ” — (The Beginning of Infinity | Naval on Acast).

From The Editor's Corner

Technology transfer is a valuable tool

Knowledge exchange as a condition for success

Moving towards the Post-globalization era, through the Four Industrial Revolution, the most relevant current factor regarding productivity and wealth generation is knowledge. Nowadays, it is easy to find examples of the income gaps between people, companies, regions, countries, and even subcontinents associated with each situation’s level of knowledge. Besides, education is the starting point for the differences and similarities. Here we had emphasized the importance of much better education of the Corrosionist that must be attending to the materials deterioration challenges in the coming decades. Long-term education is a requirement for successful professionals these days. That means school and continuous education also. Much of this long-life learning is extracurricular and includes formal and non-formal programs, planned activities or not. In situ or abroad. Training in the workplace is almost universal, but it is less than enough. Permanent training in new skills and knowledge update about the field of specialization and beyond is a must. Pathways are many, some of them unscrupulous ways, such as industrial espionage, further than the simple and “naive” industrial visits. However, there are several other legitimate options that managers and Corrosionists themselves can apply.

Scientific and technical literature in books, magazines, and scientific journals is an option for self-learning. Access to them is essential. Lack of access explains the discrepancy between countries and entities where international data flows are available at the right time. Instead, others have limited access because of the cost (sometimes it is because of the language). In this sense, one of the positive facts aligned with the purpose of a better society for all is the recent trend of accessible free of charge scientific journals. Another branch of the technical literature is related to patents. In this case, we are talking about a bank of almost one hundred million documents published during the last two centuries. Most of them obsolete, but the others will be useful today. And according to legal regulations regarding their use, a significant proportion is free now, and you can use them free of charge. Others, still under in force protection, can be transacted as any merchandise, and you can pay for the information contained. Another kind of information than patents is also commercial, as the industrial secret is—entities and channels as Materials.Business promote disseminating technical knowledge, and their role will become increasingly relevant as we move into post-globalization.

The commercialization of patents and other ways of knowledge transfer as franchises and technical assistance are entirely valid and, in some way, a solution to inappropriate copying, piracy, and information stolen. But a successful business about knowledge transfer needs an excellent knowledge of the market, the offered options, and the right negotiation skills. It is necessary to be updated permanently, and to do that, probably the best way is networking. Participate in a network of national and international colleagues seeking collaboration, even among competitors. Networks helpful in diving deeper into their expertise, but also as a way of opening the vision of the transversal subjects that complement and enrich each specialty. Networks into the business and clusters, chains, and multisectoral as the Triple Helix Industry-Academia--Government relationship.

However, networking requires meeting points for the exchange of information. Before the pandemic, most of these meeting points included the charm of the face-to-face. Visits, stays, internships, meetings, and so on were part of the common practice between successful entrepreneurs. International business traveling was distinctive of the globalization times, before SARCoV-2. Nowadays, virtualization has been accelerated, and most of the above activities have become in the distance, virtual, online. Social media-supported apps like LinkedIn and Facebook and digital tools like Zoom and Skype have become the common meeting points for networking and knowledge exchange.

Associations as ideal meeting points

Scientific and technical networking is not new. History mentions their meeting points in Classic Greece, 2.500 years ago. It is well known that English societies were at the origin of the First and Second Industrial Revolutions, and some of the institutions currently relevant, as the Royal Society, are the inheritor of those old initiatives. In addition, some of the more renowned journals today, like Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America. Following this pathway, many of the more important professional societies today, born at the effervescence of the Second Industrial Revolution, such as the ASME (1880), IEEE (1884), ASM (1913), etc. Then, “NACE International was established in 1943 by eleven corrosion engineers from the pipeline industry as the "National Association of Corrosion Engineers." The founding engineers were originally part of a regional group formed in the 1930s when the study of cathodic protection was introduced”. Besides, in 1950 was established the SSPC. And most of us know, these two last associations merged last year, becoming the stronger the Association for Materials Protection and Performance – AMPP. Even though almost all the associations were national initially, many of the held events had foreign participation. Thus, some international associations were also appearing. One of them, in 1963, was the International Corrosion Council – ICC. In principle, the ICC is an association of national associations and other institutions (universities, companies, and government entities) committed to the science and engineering of corrosion and protection. Nowadays, the ICC has representatives from more than 65 countries worldwide.

An extraordinary summit in the virtual space

One of the objectives of the ICC is to convene a periodical world meeting. The first one was in 1961, as a preamble of the ICC, and the coming one, the 21st International Corrosion Congress, will be held virtually next week, from Tuesday to Friday, July 20th to 23rd of 2021. On this occasion, the organization is under the responsibility of the Brazilian Association of Corrosion – ABRACO. The motto of the 21st ICC is “Smart Solutions for Asset Integrity.” Around the organization, many companies are supporting and participating, such as Aperam, Sandvik, Jotum, Gamry, Gerdau, Hita-Belzona, Institute of Corrosion, and Metrohm. Also, many Brazilian governmental entities (IPT, CNPq, FAPESP, CAPES, etc.), Universities (the University of Sao Paulo and the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro), institutes (IPEN, INT, IPT, etc. And professional associations (ABNT, ABINX, ABENDI, ABAL; ABCP, ABCEM, etc.). Of course, also hundreds of Corrosionists from around the world, presenting their advances and doing networking. Some of the most globally recognized Corrosionists will be plenary lectures: Oscar Rosa Mattos (Brazil, editor of Corrosion Science), Gerald Frankel (the USA, editor of the Journal of the Electrochemical Society), Nick Birbilis (Australia, editor of npj Materials Degradation), V.S.Raja (India, Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals), Randa Abdel-Karim (Vice Dean for Community Services and Environmental Affairs- Faculty of Engineering, Egypt), Günter Schmitt (Germany, current President of the ICC), Mario Ferreira (Portugal, Marcel Pourbaix Award 2021), and Tesuo Shoji (Japan, Marcel Porbaix Award, 2021). These and many other reasons included in the entire program of the meeting are the powerful reasons for inviting all of us to attend the 21st International Corrosion Congress, including its commercial exhibition, which can be visited free of charge. As the President of ABRACO and the Organizing Committee, Prof. Zehbour Panossian, “the main global corrosion congress.”

Remember: Protection of materials and equipment is a profitable business!

Prof. Carlos Arroyave, Ph.D. Editor.

Materials Biz News

Infrastructure needs Corrosionists caring

After watching the news of the sudden, catastrophic collapse of a 40-year-old apartment building near Miami, my wife wondered about all sorts of things. How do you prevent the failure or damage of rust at your home? Use the best metal parts for an outdoor deck with a thick zinc coating. It is simple; initial reports indicated that the cause of the collapse could have been weakened concrete and unstable soil under the structure. It will take months to complete a forensic study of this disaster, so keep in mind that much of what you see in the news is speculation.

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Fighting against aircraft corrosion

Now, a team at the US Navy's Fleet Readiness Center East - FRCE examines new possibilities to detect corrosion and prevent its spread quickly and accurately. The F-35 Lightning II program at FRCE recently demonstrated a tool that can help identify corrosion across multiple aircraft coatings: The Gray Gecko Real-Time Inspection Tool, or system. GRIT is designed for use on the aircraft side by traditional maintenance personnel. To complement the phases of non-destructive testing, the total depot provides service to the fleet while operating as an integral part of the larger United States.

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FEMS awards 2021

The Federation of European Materials Societies (FEMS) has announced its prestigious awards for 2021. There are three prizes for this year, FEMS European Materials:

● Gold Medal was for Prof José Manuel Torralba.

● FEMS Materials Innovation Prize was for Prof Elvira Fortunato.

● FEMS Materials Science & Technology Prize was for Dr Idalina José Monteiro Gonçalves.

Prof José Manuel Torralba says ‘’ I am very honored to be awarded the FEMS Gold Metal, but also overwhelmed. All previous winners are a reference in my academic career. To belong to the same list is to me much more than a prize. It is another reason to still work hard in this exciting field.’’ And the president of FEMS also declare that ‘’It was a great pleasure to judge this year’s awards. I should thank the societies for the excellent nominations received. It reveals very active materials research within our federation. I congratulate the awardees and look forward to their presentations at FEMS EUROMAT next September.’’

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Dealing with materials circularity

Position: Postdoc on (Electro-)chemical de-coating of NdFeB permanent magnets

Seeker: Technische Universiteit Delft.

Location: Delft, Netherlands.

The basic profile of the candidate:

● Education: Ph.D. degree extractive metallurgy, materials science, or chemical engineering.

● Skills: Have experience in hydrometallurgical and electrochemical experimental techniques and skills in various sample characterization methods (XRF, XRD, SEM, EPMA), also have good communication skills (high English proficiency) and the ability to work in a team with stakeholders in the industry, academics, and technicians.

Job description: Technische Universiteit Delft seeks a Postdoc candidate willing to explore different routes for de-coating and cleaning the magnets before magnet recycling using a range of physical and (electro-)chemical methods. In this project, you will design a de-coating route that considers possible mixed compositions and shapes of the magnets and the reactive nature of the REEs. Lab-scale experiments will be used to design this processing step with the aim of its implementation in an upscaled route that is currently under development.

Significant challenges taking care of assets

Position: Plant Corrosion Engineer

Seeker: Saudi Aramco.

Location: Dhahran, Eastern, Saudi Arabia

The basic profile of the candidate:

● Education: Bachelor’s degree in engineering, preferably in materials, metallurgical, or chemical (or another relevant discipline) focusing on corrosion.

● Experience: A minimum of 12 years of experience with a strong preference for 15 years plus in the oil & gas industry.

● Skills: Working knowledge of corrosion mitigation (coating, CP, chemical inhibition, and material selection) & corrosion monitoring techniques (coupons, probes, OSI, ILI, etc.) and be familiar with government regulations and industry codes and standards (NACE, API, ASME, etc.), specifically regarding equipment integrity also experience of reviewing the project proposal, projects design, and detail design and construction stages.

Job description: Saudi Aramco is seeking a Plant Corrosion Engineer willing to develop, implement and maintain corrosion mitigation plans for the operating facilities through chemical treatment (corrosion inhibitors, scale inhibitors, biocides, oxygen scavenger, etc.), coating and material selection and conduct RBI assessments for onshore and offshore facilities. This includes scheduling the implementation of initial/evergreening RBI assessments, facilitating the data collection and entry into the RBI software, etc. Also, to develop and implement corrosion monitoring plans for the operating facilities using corrosion coupons, corrosion probes.

Corrosion engineering at the highest levels

Position: Senior Modeling Engineer

Seeker: DNV

Location: Dublin, Ohio, USA.

The basic profile of the candidate:

● Education: BS or higher in mechanical, electrical, materials, or a related engineering field

● Experience: Minimum of 5 years of experience in an engineering field

● Skills: Ability to work on a team effectively and efficiently, but also be able to show effectiveness when working individually and the ability to speak with a wide variety of industry clients to communicate DNV services and capabilities also actively seeks opportunities to help team members with demanding project schedules and expectations last but not least strong English communication skills, including the ability to present technical information clearly and concisely in written, visual, and verbal formats.

Job description: DNV is seeking a Senior Modeling Engineer willing to execute and manage consulting engineering projects also Compiling and processing data received from a client and determining the appropriate approach and methodology to efficiently solve the challenge at hand, including working effectively and efficiently within a group of engineers and consultants, reviewing, and verifying each other’s work and documenting analyses and processes and procedures in a technical format to clearly deliver results and the implications of those results to the pipeline operator including business development with new and existing customers las but not least develop a leadership role within the group as well as the industry.

Networking & Knowledge Exchange

Steel Metallography. On person.

This course deals specifically with the metallographic preparation of steels to accurately reveal microstructure and offers a unique perspective and understanding for the interpretation of steel microstructures, you will be attending topics like:

● How to recognize false microstructures

● How to identify ferrous microstructure

● Heat treatment of samples on site and record cooling rates.

● Record and understand the effect of cooling rate on hardness and microstructure.

● As a class project, using a TTT-Diagram, determine the holding time for a series of prepared samples at a given temperature.

● Work on own samples, or work on Instructor's collection of plated products, prior austenite determination, cast iron, and others.

Dates: From Monday, July 26th to Thursday, July 29th, 2021.

Advanced cathodic protection skills. Virtual

NACE international is offering five days virtual course focused on cathodic protection level 3 (technologist), in this course you will complement the previous CP level 2 themes with a strong focus on interpretation of CP data trouble shooting, and migration of problems that arise in both galvanic and impressed current systems, including design calculations for these systems, you will need some prerequisites as a strong algebra background, with thorough understanding of unit conversions and scientific notation, is required as a minimum mathematics prerequisite.

Dates: From Monday, July 26th to Friday, July 30th, 2021.

Time: From 8:00 to 17:00 each day, CET (GMT +2).

Electrochemical doctoral school. Virtual

Electrochemical and surface engineering research group (SURF) will be offering a 4h daily sessions on Morning this will be open for PhD students and academia and industrial researchers seeking an in-depth understanding of electrochemical phenomena, to assure the event’s interactive nature, the number of participants will be limited to 50 places (the selection will be based on background adequacy) and the method of learning is lectures by academic experts and industrial stakeholders, mini-conferences Q&A sessions to make sure all the participants integrate the full knowledge to an introduction to micro-electrochemical techniques .

Dates: From Monday, November 15th to Friday, November 26th, 2021.

Time: From 9:00 to 12:00 each day, (GMT +2).

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