Materials.Business Weekly ⚙️
June 15, 2021
Quote of the week: .''Most innovations are not obvious to other people at the time. You have to believe in yourself. If you're got a good idea, follow it even when others say it's not.” — Frances Arnold, Mechanical & Aerospace engineer, and Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering, Nobel prize in chemistry 2018
From The Editor's Corner
The air we will breathe
A growing concern
John Evelyn is the colleague that Corrosionists remember because of his recommendations concerning anticorrosion prevention measurements of the reinforcing metallic bars used in the Saint Paul's cathedral building in London in the 1660s. Evelyn is also recognized as one of the first to call for special attention to sustainability because he warned about overexploitation of natural resources. Three hundred years later, Rachel Carson, a biologist from the United States, reflecting on the risk of the serene scenery she loved in her beloved country place, wrote "Silent Spring." This book became a milestone in the movement towards conservationism. Her ideas were quickly adopted by several movements, like the "Club of Rome" and a UN summit held in Stockholm in 1972 about the Human Environment. Then, a commonly accepted definition was established, saying that sustainable development is "development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Then, in 1992, at the UN summit in Rio de Janeiro, all nations, including the world's leading leaders, recognized sustainable development as the most significant global challenge. At the beginning of the present century, the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) in the USA asked a group of experts worldwide and finally identified 14 Grand Challenges that engineers need to address in the 21st century, helping humankind flourish and progress. Energy and the environment is one of the fields covered. There is no explicit reference to sustainable development in any of these challenges, but all of them are directly related:
- Make solar energy economical.
- Provide energy from fusion.
- Develop carbon sequestration methods.
- Manage the nitrogen cycle.
- Provide access to clean water.
Besides, the Millennium Project, fostered by the United Nations, established a list of 15 global challenges for humanity, and the first one was Sustainable Development and Climate Change. A short while later, the UN launched the first version of its Sustainable Development Goals - SDG, including eight targets to be reached in 2015, where Goal 7 was “Ensure Environmental Sustainability.” Then, the UN launched a new version of the SDG, or the “Global Goals” 2030, including 17 interconnected objectives dealing with social, economic, and environmental sustainability balance. For instance, SDG 7 is about “Affordable and clean energy,” and SDG 11 is “Sustainable cities and communities.” In this frame and looking to move “from the words to the actions,” emerged the Circular Economy model that many of us are trying to follow right now.
A complex world
At the same time, global economic changes have occurred, driven by innovations mostly related to information technologies. The Information Society and the Knowledge Society established the two branches of the “Global Village,” and globalization becomes the new way of life. Moreover, several technological disruptions have arisen and led to a new industrial revolution. Many new tools for attending sustainability and globalization duties appeared, including nanotechnology, cloud computing, big data, artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things, etc. But other problems are also possible, and unexpectedly, humanity has been impacted by today's pandemic. But other issues are also possible, and suddenly, society has been affected by today's pandemic. New significant challenges have appeared, mainly concerning social issues like health, peace, justice, equity, and equality. As never before, science saves the situation, and at this moment, humanity makes the future. This will be the future of the atmosphere, the future of the atmospheric corrosion problems and solutions.
Atmospheric corrosion and anti-corrosion in the post-globalization epoch
The air we will breathe in the coming decades will be the environment corroding materials exposed to the atmosphere. We have mentioned before the effect of the sustainability concerns on the falling of atmospheric pollutants. The consequences include lower corrosion rates and expectations for a lower cost of atmospheric damage to materials and structures. The Corona pandemic must be a catalyzer and a pilot test about more radical changes in such a trend of lower pollution. Many minor changes in habits open the door to further significant transformations. Changes in the job conditions (the “hoffice” or the home + office job), the mobility, the commerce, and so on will be redefining the required infrastructure. Also, We have mentioned the urbanization trends (in an apparent conflict with the pandemic situation) like taller buildings aligned to the idea of the “15-minutes city” and other close to sustainability principles like new industrial processes (e.gr., amine emissions from carbon capture plants), self-sufficiency trends, and one of the noticeable start ups’ issues today is urban agriculture, including vertical and urban gardens. In brief, new anthropogenic activities, under new conditions, will be brought new atmospheric pollutants, but also old, but neglected air pollutants like carboxylic acids, nitric acid, halures, and VOCs must be considered. Furthermore, natural changes such as global warming and other associated effects such as forest fires and storms alter microclimatic corrosion conditions, usually negatively. Antorphogenic macroclimatic changes could be present, too, affecting in a big way microclimatic atmospheric conditions. We are talking about the plans for developing the so-called “geoengineering,” whose first intention is to diffuse nanoparticles in the upper atmosphere to block solar rays. These trends and plans are just examples of the new demands for materials supporting the expected developments in the coming decades. There is a clear need for cheaper materials with a longer life span, fewer maintenance requirements, and as reusable and recyclable as possible in all situations.
Regarding protection against atmospheric corrosion, we can begin by saying that Corrosionists have identified a long list of variables affecting the phenomena to date. That means that it is complex, and it will become even more. In total agreement with the scientific method, conventional approaches include extreme simplifications. Frequently, problems are understood and resolved. Some others, not. However, today, new tools are opening up the possibility of more complex approaches. In this sense, some of the subjects to be considered studying and solving atmospheric corrosion problems in the coming years include:
● Reinforcing learning on corrosion science and engineering.
● Broader actions towards a global awareness of materials and asset handling.
● A truly multidisciplinary approach combining corrosion skills with other specialties like atmospheric sciences, climatological experts, construction engineers, architects, environmentalists, etc.
● A deeper dive into the electrochemical cell provoking atmospheric corrosion. That means:
● As shown by Professor Sana Virtanen and collaborators at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (Germany), a closer approach to the electrode reactions dealt with the study of the cathodic reaction by innovative technique respirometric.
Coming challenges about atmospheric corrosion of materials are enormous, current knowledge must be spread, and a lot of further and different R&D is required.
Remember: Protection of materials and equipment is a profitable business!
Prof. Carlos Arroyave, Ph.D. Editor.
Materials Biz News
Towards effective ways of carbon sequestration
Traditional cement is based on calcium silicate, but the new CO₂-infused cement, branded under the name CarbonBuilt, uses hydrated lime, known to absorb CO₂ quickly. Furthermore, the process does not require operation at extreme temperatures or pressure. Another benefit of capturing CO₂ in cement is that unlike other CO₂ -mitigation methods, gas captured from industrial gas can be directly utilized without additional purification or conversion steps. A second demonstration was recently completed at the National Carbon Capture Center in Alabama, producing more than 5,000 concrete blocks using CO₂ emissions from coal and natural gas power plants. Each block can store around 0.75 lb of CO₂. The team expects to significantly scale up production capacities in the coming years.
Position: Welding Research Engineer
Seeker: EVRAZ North America.
Location: Regina – SK / Canada
The basic profile of the candidate:
● Education: M.Sc. or Ph.D. in metallurgical, mechanical, or welding engineering.
● Experience: Minimum five years of relevant industrial or research experience.
● Skills: General knowledge of statics and design of experiments and physical metallurgy and mechanical testing practices.
● Bonus: General knowledge of welding technology, with preference given to welding processes used by EVRAZ NA
Job description: EVRAZ research and development (R&D) team is seeking a welding research engineer willing to conduct steel research with a particular focus on projects related to welding high strength line pipe and structural steel also to coordinate and monitoring research work undertaken by outside agencies on behalf of EVRAZ including universities, government laboratories, and other independent labs.
Position: Ph.D. Position.
Seeker: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.
Location: Karlsruhe, Germany.
The basic profile of the candidate:
● Education: Master’s/diploma in chemistry, chemical engineering, process engineering, physics, geosciences, or related disciplines.
● Skills: Be able to work independently also interest and enjoy working in a team.
● Bonus: A good command of written and spoken English knowledge of handling radioactive substances, separation technology, and working with glove boxes is desirable.
Job description: The water jet abrasive suspension cutting technique (WASS, “Wasser-Abrasiv-Suspensions-Schneidverfahren”) is applied to dismantle nuclear power plants. The incumbent will be dealing with this separation device, combining mechanical and magnetic filtering, the final goal of this project is to minimize the amount of secondary radioactive waste, and the main focus of this doctoral thesis is to investigate the effects of ionizing radiation on the corrosion of ferritic steel grains in the presence and absence of appropriate corrosion inhibitors.
Position: Advanced Materials Engineer
Seeker: Trane Technologies
Location: Taicang, Jiangsu, China
The basic profile of the candidate:
● Education: Master's Degree in Materials Science, Materials Engineering, or Metallurgy,
● Experience: At least eight years of experience in the application of advanced materials is required
● Skills: Ability to work independently, yet also be a strong team player who thrives in dynamic and ever-changing work environments also, must have the ability to articulate issues quantitatively both verbally and with documentation also excellent technical, analytical, and problem-solving skills and verbal and written communication skills in English.
● Bonus: Advanced Degree (Ph.D.)
Job description: Trane Technologies is seeking an advanced materials engineer willing to implement leading-edge technologies in the area of advanced materials (metals, alloys, coatings, nanotech, ceramics, additives) also deliver technical expertise and support to deploy them within new product development, value engineering, and quality and reliability related projects you will be able to manage and execute multiple projects simultaneously while identifying new technologies and trends in the industry.
Networking & Knowledge Exchange
The welding institute is offering this event mainly to review the new specifications with presentations from those involved in drafting specifications and those who use them (buildings and bridges in the UK). Some of the more relevant topics are:
● National Structural Steelwork Specification 7th Ed
● Arup Specification
● Relevant welding and NDT sections of the Specification for Highways Works Series 1800
● The National Structural Steelwork Specification 7th
Date: Tuesday,June 22nd of 2021
Time: From 9:00 to 12:00 BST (GMT +1)
ACIEM (Colombian Association of Engineers) is offering a four-day conference to show the potential of the use of new technologies applied to asset management in the different phases of the life cycle and evidence the integration of industry 4.0 technologies in decision-making and also the stages of implementation of artificial intelligence, use of Big Data, IIoT and digital twins in maintenance management.
Dates: From Tuesday June 29th to Friday July 2nd, 2021.
Time: From 17:00 to 21:00 each day, (GMT - 5)
The 4th International Conference on Applied Surface Science (ICASS) will present the current research on the role and use of surfaces in chemical and physical processes, related to catalysis, electrochemistry, energy, new/functional materials, and nanotechnology. Also, the various techniques and characterization methods will be discussed. Some of the more relevant topics are:
● Surface science of catalysis, electrocatalysis and photocatalysis
● Surface engineering and functionalization
● Functional surfaces and coatings
● Surface science applied to energy conversion and storage.
● Surface nanotechnology and devices
● Bio interfaces
● Electrochemistry at surfaces and interfaces
● Advances in surface characterization tools.
● Environmentally friendly materials
● Semiconductors – surface and interface
● 2D layered materials and assembling.
Date: From Tuesday June 29th to Wednesday 30th, 2021
The CEFAI conference brings together world-class researchers, users and specialists involved in all aspects of failure analysis and prevention from the fields of mechanical, manufacturing, aeronautical, civil, chemical, corrosion and design engineering. Topics: Engineering failure modes for metallic and non-metallic engineering materials, approaches to failure analysis, Role of service loading in failure analysis, Case studies of failures in industry sectors such as aerospace, marine and offshore, automotive, rail, power generation, mining and minerals, consumer goods, medical devices and others. Historical disasters, Structural and architectural failures, Failure analysis and joining technologies, Role of condition monitoring and NDT in failure avoidance, Failure analysis, maintenance and reliability, Role of failure analysis in the design process, Legal matters, ethical issues and insurance in the failure analysis industry, Training and accreditation in failure analysis research and industry.
Date: From Sunday June 11th to Wednesday 14th, 2021
From 9:00 to 17:00 each day (GMT +8)
Virtual. ICC will be showing with INTERCORR this congress and corrosion meeting gathering renowned experts from various parts of the world, aiming to find solutions to contribute to the recovery that the industrial sector so badly needs. Maintaining asset integrity, minimizing operational and maintenance costs, are extremely relevant concerns of our daily life, having a direct impact on the productive sector.
Dates: From Tuesday July 20th to Friday July 23rd, 2021.
Time: From 8:00 to 14:00 each day, (GMT - 3).