Materials.Business Weekly ⚙️

July 20, 2021

Quote of the week: ''  In a short time, man will be able to see what is happening in any place in the world without leaving his own house.” Excerpted from the novel “One Hundred Years of solitude ” — (1967), Gabriel Garcia Marquez (Colombia, 1927 – 2014), Noble Prize in Literature (1982).

From The Editor's Corner

Cost matters!

What about the cost of corrosion?

​A holistic engineering view of any situation includes considerations about engineering economics. Then, any corrosion engineering consideration must consist of economic aspects, too. As a result, the cost of corrosion is a critical consideration in anti-corrosion decisions. Much of the time, corrosion engineering criteria are supported by economic factors. Otherwise, the consolidated cost of corrosion by countries has made headlines. Sometimes, the impact of the news has trespassed the news and influenced decision-makers. The results have been the promotion and fostering of educational programs, research centers, and R&D funding. However, new and updated estimations of the national yearly cost of corrosion are the same as the Gross Domestic Product - GDP percentage, as 40 or 50 years ago. In principle, efforts are not enough, and, from our point of view, awareness of the C-level position in companies is usually low or none. In addition, today, some other criteria about cost, ahead of the economic, must be the cost of corrosion regarding the risk of affection of the environment and health of leaving beings. In other words, the cost of corrosion is a question of every individual. Educating all people about selecting a material, its proper use, and caring is a duty of these times.

The IMPACT of corrosion in Canada

The Labor Management Cooperation Initiative (LMCI) of the International Union of Painters and Allied Trades (IUPAT) and NACE International Northern Area (currently the Association for Materials Protection and Performance, AMPP) joined efforts. A few weeks ago launched a report about the impact of corrosion on the Canadian economy, entitled “2021 IMPACT Canada”. This research was coordinated by our colleague Monica Hernandez (Infinity Growth Co.). And contributions by the renowned colleagues Pierre Crevolin (Caproco), Nafiseh Ebrahimi (National Research Council Canada), Rob Phillips (Commercial Sandblasting and Painting), Jack White, Sandy Williamson (Williamson Integrity Services), and Dennis Zadery (Stantec). The industry sectors analyzed were energy (O&G, pipelines, utilities), industry (automotive, steel, and pulp & paper), mining, and transportation. Researchers determined the implemented corrosion and sustainability management practices during the design, manufacturing, construction, operation, maintenance, and decommissioning in each sector.

In some way, the study above may be associated with the recognition of Canada as one of the countries of greatest concern for corrosion issues and one of the more recognized communities of professionals devote to its prevention and control. As such, the results indicated that all sectors had acceptable corrosion process management. However, proper asset handling requires improving subjects as policies, resources, organization, accountability, and communication. The results showed that entities should be attentive to the issues initially mentioned. Also, they must enhance the work that has been developed by now.

The above results agree with figures that showed that the yearly cost of corrosion in Canada moved from USD $41.000 million in 2005 to USD $51.900 in 2019. That means 2.98% of the GDP. Such figures support initial concerns about a near-linear increase in the cost of corrosion with economic development or a "static" effect of anti-corrosion measures, despite so many efforts and advances in R&D. Here, some of the questions arising are related to how enough the efforts are? How translational to the field are the lab results? How big is the gap between academy and industry? And is the academy-industry-government Triple Helix synergy the key for attending to the asset handling gaps founded by the study? This last question is directly connected with other underlined findings that 15 to 35% of the annual cost of corrosion in the country can be saved by implementing existing mitigation practices.

In the end, the report's main recommendations focus on business culture, facing management of corrodible assets looking for minimizing risks for assets, infrastructure, productivity, lives, and the environment. Simultaneously, of course, optimizing economic, but also the sustainability of the operations. Suggestions are associated with knowledge generation and transfer through a strategic view. Without any doubt, a list of advice focuses on answering many of the mentioned worries at the beginning. They are:

● Public policy initiatives towards

● An increased and spread knowledge of corrosion.

● The development of a more skilled workforce.

● Stronger corrosion-focused training bodies.

● Train, re-train, and upskill actions.

● A proper corrosion management system framework.

This responsibility cannot be avoided anymore

​All the countries and companies must follow Canada’s example and estimate the impact of corrosion in their daily economy and ahead. This is an obligation in the face of the challenges of sustainability, the Circular Economy, and the new social demands that the current evolution is bringing towards what can be called post-globalization. As mentioned in the presentation of Canada’s assessment, “policymakers need evidence to develop policies and programs that help solve costly problems like corrosion.” It is a societal must of public and private leaders in charge of the use and handling engineering materials and infrastructure, all the concerned rulers in general. We are experts on such a subject, and we can support interested entities in doing that.

Remember: Protection of materials and equipment is a profitable business!

Prof. Carlos Arroyave, Ph.D. Editor.

Materials Biz News

National artificial intelligence initiative

The main objectives of the initiative are to ensure continued US leadership in AI R&D; leading the world in the development and use of reliable artificial intelligence systems in the public and private sectors; preparing the current and future US workforce for the integration of AI systems in all sectors of the economy and society; and coordinating ongoing AI activities among all Federal agencies to ensure that each informs the work of the other.

To support the initiative, the NAIIA, acting through the NAII Office, interagency committees, and agency chairs, has directed the President to maintain consistent support for AI R&D, support AI education and workforce training programs, support, plan and plan interdisciplinary AI research and education programs. directs. Coordinating federal interagency AI activities, providing access to diverse stakeholders, leveraging existing federal investment to advance Initiative goals, supporting an interdisciplinary network of AI research institutes, and support opportunities for international collaboration with strategic allies on R&D, evaluation, and resources for reliable AI systems.

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First hydrogen powered ferry

In this week, the world's first hydrogen powered ferry, MF Hydra, is put into service, it will be serving in the connection Hjelmeland - Nesvik – Skipavik, Norway, MF Hydra is one of three nominees for the Norwegian Ship Review's "Ship of the year" award. The winner will be announced on August 31st. The project comes as Norway is trying to decarbonize transport, and in particular its large shipping and ferry sector.

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Extraordinary global participation

The first Iperion HS doctoral summer school which started online today, July 13, 2021, was an incredible success in terms of international participation: 188 participants coming not only from all over Europe but also from Latin America, Africa, the Middle East, as well as Turkey, Russia, China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Nepal and Malaysia.

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Sinter-based additive manufacturing of biodegradable metallic orthopedic implants

Position: Ph.D. place.

Seeker: Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon.

Location: Lyon, France.

The basic profile of the candidate:

● Education: Master’s in Materials Science and Engineering, Process Engineering or Mechanical Engineering.

● Skills: Background in physical metallurgy, thermodynamics, materials characterization (metallography, electron microscopy, X-Ray diffraction, hardness, mechanical testing, etc.), also, be fluent or at least professional in English and good command in French.

● Bonus: Knowledge in German

Job description: A Ph.D. position willing to focus on sintering-assisted 3D printing techniques of magnesium, either by direct-ink writing or metal lithography. The main challenge remains the optimization of debinding and sintering processes, as magnesium is one of the most reactive metal for oxidation issue.

Postdoctoral position on reinforcing carbon fiber

Position: Postdoctoral Fellow in the areas of carbon fiber manufacturing from asphaltene or other blends.

Seeker: University of Calgary.

Location: Calgary, AB, Canada

The basic profile of the candidate:

● Education: Ph.D. or equivalent in Engineering or a related field with a focus in one or more areas, including chemical processing, fiber generations, heat treatments, etc.

● Skills: The position requires experience in chemical and polymer processing and familiarity or background in carbon fibers and heat treatments is an asset also you should be motivated and possess excellent oral and written communication skills and you will have a proven record of success and be able to conduct research independently as well as part of a team.

Job description: University of Calgary is seeking a researcher willing to join an interdisciplinary team developing a novel way to fabricate carbon fibers from asphaltene or lignin. The work will also involve developing, designing, modeling, testing, and applying aspects of Carbon fiber generation.

Managing materials in the O&G

Position: Senior Materials Engineer

Seeker: Wood

Location: Reading, England

The basic profile of the candidate:

● Experience: Extensive experience in materials engineering in the Oil and Gas, Refinery and Petrochemicals industries

● Skills: Relevant ASME, API, NACE standards handling. Knowledge of stainless steel, Cr - Mo alloy steels and low alloy Ni – steels and welding and fabrication of pressure vessels, heat exchangers, storage tanks and piping including non - destructive examination techniques for welded joints cathodic protection and lining and coating systems.

Job description: Wood is seeking a Senior Materials Engineer willing to do material selection (input to materials selection diagrams and material selection reports) and preparation of project standards and specifications in the fields of welding, fabrication, non - destructive examination, cathodic protection, and corrosion control, review of welding, painting, fabrication, non - destructive examination and testing procedures also willing to make the evaluation of fabricated equipment for compliance with project materials and welding requirements.

Materials Engineer

Position: Materials Engineer

Seeker: GHD’s Marine and Materials Technology

Location: Manila, Philippines.

The basic profile of the candidate:

● Education: Materials Engineer.

● Experience: Remediation in concrete structures.

● Skills: Excellent communication skills (verbal and written), Asset management background, and an ability to manage to compete for work priorities will be essential and robust judgment and critical evaluation skills ideally, we require an ambitious individual who can thrive in a collaborative team environment and contribute to the remediation of existing infrastructure.

Job description: GHD’s Marine and Materials Technology is seeking a Materials Engineer willing to make site investigations involving the use of destructive (core sampling, concrete breakouts) and non-destructive testing (use of Ground Penetrating Radar / Covermeter surveys, steel ultrasonic thickness measurements, cathodic protection potential surveys, concrete resistivity) also you will need to manage the sub-contractors for site works such as divers, corers, test laboratories evaluate residual life of infrastructure based on-site inspection findings and detailed testing outcomes and develop durability strategies for marine infrastructure projects.

Networking & Knowledge Exchange

International Conference on Concrete Durability and Steel Corrosion. Virtual

This conference will gather eminent scientists, researchers from universities to exchange and share experiences and research results on all aspects of technical ceramics structures and corrosion. There will be several selected high-impact papers from different authors, Knitting Stitches’ Manipulation for Catenary Textile Structures. You will be attending topics like:

● Concrete durability and steel corrosion

● Diagnostics of corrosion on structures

● Corrosion of embedded metals

● Corrosion resistance of concrete

● Durability of reinforced concrete structures

Dates: Thursday and Friday, July 29th and 30th, 2021.

NACE Central Area Conference. In person

AMPP (formerly NACE International and SSPC) will be offering a technical program that unites different areas from across the corrosion industry, including cathodic protection, DC/AC current interference, in-line inspections, coating failures and corrosion under insulation, and offers real case-based corrosion issues, testing, and remediations as well as the latest technologies that can be use today.

Dates: From Wednesday, August 04th to Friday, August 06th, 2021.

International meeting raw materials and recycling. In person

Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia will be offering a two days conference focused in environmental and economical sustainability of the metallurgical industry depends on the possibility to recover and recycle the metal products after their use, also view imposes a multidisciplinary approach where the application of complex mechanical system, innovative chemical plants, electromagnetic devices, biotechnological techniques and managing algorithm even ruled by artificial intelligence.

Dates: Wednesday and Thursday, December 01st and 02nd, 2021.

Photo by Jesse Martini on Unsplash