Materials.Business Weekly ⚙️

August 24, 2021

Quote of the week:  “Wisdom is the daughter of experience.” - Leonardo da Vinci, Italian engineer, scientist, and artist (1452 -1519).

From The Editor's Corner

Avoidance of mistakes is a must

Preventing misunderstandings

These days, one of the shocking technology headlines is the growing international concern associated with Apple's decision to scan encrypted images into the iPhone. According to the Company, the purpose is to combat and avoid children’s sexual harassment. However, there is an international controversy centered on the fact of privacy being lost. In summary, it is an issue including different facets of the “right behavior”: caring for children and people in general and respecting privacy as an inherent right of each individual. Both cases are directly related to ethics. The situation described is a clear example of the growing ethical risks post-globalization faces due to new technologies: Artificial intelligence, social media, blockchain, sensorics, drones, etc. Corrosionists must be prepared to attend to the arriving challenges of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, and such readiness includes the proper preparation against ethical issues.

We, the Corrosionists, well know what “corrosion” means. However, the average person often misunderstood the term and became confused about our specialty. This hesitation is easy to explain because the similarity with “corruption” is high, not only in the sound but in the definition, too. The Longman dictionary of contemporary English defines ethics as “moral rules or principles of behavior for deciding what is right and wrong.” And specifically referring to business, the definition of ethics is “moral rules or principles of behavior that should guide members of a profession or organization and make them deal honestly and fairly with each other and with their customers.” Without any doubt, some basic guidelines of our profession as Corrosionists. The same source defines corruption as “dishonest, illegal, or immoral behavior, especially from someone with power.” In principle, something utterly external to our duties. However, some others recognize a figurative use of “corrosion,” The Webster dictionary presents as an example of the word usage, the sentence “the corrosion of family values that is often brought on by great wealth.” But corrosion is a natural process, fully explained by scientific principles, and corruption cannot be considered inherent to humankind, as some people try to show. Generally, any figurative word does not have sufficient support, and, indeed, corrosion is not corruption!

Tough Corrosionists

Corrosionists are responsible for materials and assets reliability and span-life. That means productivity, competitiveness, and cost-effectiveness. But we are also speaking about risk prevention, including contamination, fire, health, life, and wellbeing perils. All are currently potentiated through global warming and the dangers and challenges of sustainability. Professionals with vast responsibilities combating corrosion failures, according to a series of well-established ethical principles, are based on a deal honestly and fairly with each other and our customers. We often heard about accidents, collapsed buildings, explosions, oil spills, etc. We are convinced that Corrosionists involved with the issues, if any, very well know the difference between both words.

Education as an armor

Attitude in front of ethical issues is part of the culture. Consequently, education is fundamental, and such toughness must be maintained from the beginning and constantly reinforced. The culture evolved and new threats loom, and continuous education becomes essential. Education as individuals, as engineers, and as Corrosionists, we need in an age full of misinformation, fake news, and so on.

A classic guidebook about being an ethical and successful engineer was published in Mechanical Engineering magazine (ASME) by W.J. King (General Electric engineer and professor at the University of California, Los Angeles) in 1944. This series of pieces of advices were entitled “The unwritten laws of engineering” (translated to Spanish by the close colleague Javier Chamorro, University of Antioquia, Medellin, 1981). The first part talks about “what the beginner needs to learn at once.” The second one concerns “relating chiefly to engineering managers,” The last article is on “professional and personal considerations.” Curiously, King calls attention to situations where it is much more trouble to violate undocumented engineering laws than by violating the laws of science. In other words, we may be wrong to apply engineering knowledge, but we should never break the rules of our behavior.

In the same direction, several companies, entities, and organizations look for the proper conduct of their associates, promoting ethical advice. I.e., a partnership between the Engineering Council and the Royal Academy of Engineering of the UK enables the “Statement of ethical principles for the engineering profession.” In the beginning, the authors define “engineering professional” as “professional engineers and those technicians, tradespeople, students, apprentices, and trainees engaged in engineering.” In addition, say that “Non-engineers managing or teaching engineering professionals should be made aware of this Statement.” It is a list of principles bunched into four groups: Honesty and integrity; respect for life, law, the environment, and the public good; accuracy and rigor; and leadership and communication.

Ethics becomes another severe topic that should be explicitly included in academic programs.The ethical citizenry is more than crucial to facing the challenges of a better society for all in a sustainable world, as it quired in post-globalized times. Future humanitarian engineers, helping to build an egalitarian, fair and just society, fighting corruption and any other form of misconduct or crime. Courses and practices oriented to achieve active learning of ethical skills must be guaranteed by any engineering program. Following such a methodology, there are examples of good teaching practices as the collection of case studies developed by Michael Pritchard, which helps to explore several facets of the profession. Cases include, for example, situations concerning a request to falsify data about the magnitude of a chemical spill; exceeding pollution limits in a plant’s water discharge, not reported assuming that the exceeding amount is so a little; a problem about the cost of design improvement, talking about a situation where the provider changes specifications and increase the cost of the product/service asking the customer for a higher payment, without a previous agreement. Or a request from a former student because an assistant student uses a report of the project as an essential part of their thesis without any authorization or reference to the project. As supposed, risks of unethical behavior exist in any professional activity, academia (education & research), business, government, etc. All of them, performance fields of Corrosionists. Considering our specific situation, AMPP is following the tradition by NACE, and right now is offering a course about “Ethics for the Corrosion Professional,” aimed to teach how Corrosionist in charge of decision making (apprentices, technicians, salespersons, inspectors, quality control, managers, and engineers) can manage responsibilities protecting people, assets, and the environment. The course’s content includes a deep discussion of the NACE International Code of Ethics. In addition, the content consists of topics such as factors that lead to unethical decision-making, types of unethical behavior, and a framework for correct decisions.

For sure, to act according to the ethical principles expected and required by society from Corrosionists pays. To know codes is a duty. Corrosionists, companies, associations, and governments must remain committed to what is within their reach.

Remember: Protection of materials and equipment is a profitable business!

Prof. Carlos Arroyave, Ph.D. Editor.

Materials Biz News

APERAM awards

APERAM is looking to stimulate and increase the use of stainless steel in Brazil, the search of new product ideas and applications in stainless steel, any person, student, teacher, or company in any sector can participate. This awards search for ideas focused on stainless steel, focused on:

● Presentation

● Creativity

● Viability

● Innovation

● Intricacy

● Concept

Closing of registrations will be on Friday, October 22nd of 2021

What are the Tokyo 2020 Olympic medals made of?

Japan’s considerable national effort was to collect enough recycled material to produce 5,000 bronze, silver, and gold medals for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics. The recycling campaign produced 70 pounds (32 kilograms) of gold, 7,700 pounds (3500 kg) of silver and 4,850 pounds (2200 kg) of bronze. All from nearly 80 tons of small electrical devices such as old phones and laptops. The ‘’gold’’ medal is made of 1,2% of gold and 98.8% of silver, by contrast the silver medal is the only of the three medals made without any alloy, 100% of silver, the bronze medal instead is made of 95% of copper and 5% of zinc. This year’s medals are the first to be made entirely from recycled metals.

NIGIS Corrosion Awareness Awards

NIGIS Corrosion Awareness Awards are presented to honor and respect individuals and institutions for their contribution to corrosion awareness and developments in the field of corrosion science and technology in India, Categories of prizes will be:

● Excellence in corrosion science & technology awards for excellent contributions to the field of corrosion evaluation, corrosion control, corrosion management and corrosion awareness

● A distinction in corrosion science & technology awards for distinctive contribution to the field of corrosion evaluation, corrosion control, corrosion management and corrosion awareness including some exemplary contributions / achievements

● Excellent laboratory award for outstanding contribution to corrosion science & technology by monitoring, testing, evaluating performance and quality of materials, and research/development work.

● Student awards for thesis on corrosion science & technology for degree commencing 1st July 2019 and ending 30th June 2021.

● Meritorious contribution award for excellent contributions to the field of corrosion science and technology and activities of NACE and other similar organizations

● Lifetime achievement award to be presented to the nominee selected by the Section Governing Board of NIGIS Award : A plaque and certificate.

Last date for the receipt for applications at NIGIS office is Tuesday, August 31st, 2021.


Integration of materials, chemistry data science, and machine learning

Position: Principal Materials Data Scientist

Seeker: Roche.

Location: Santa Clara, California, United States.

The basic profile of the candidate:

● Education: Ph.D. in materials science and engineering or related discipline.

● Experience: Three or more years of industrial experience.

● Skills: Deep understanding of scientific process and analysis of empirical data. Demonstrated ability to design experimental analyses which result in meaningful conclusions. Including machine learning knowledge in techniques around classification, regression, clustering algorithms: Fundamental data types (stacks, queues, etc.); Sorting algorithms (quicksort, mergesort, etc.) also proficiency with programming/scripting languages such as Python, R, C++, Java.

● Bonus: Optionally, familiarity with a database querying language such as SQL

Job description: Roche is seeking for Principal Materials Data Scientist willing to design sequencing experiment after gaining knowledge on the sequencer and how sequencing is done, as well as lab-codes details to modify those settings and build new waveforms also design and execute correlation studies between orthogonal testing, in-line measurement data, and sequencing performance to develop predictive performance capability including setting Computer Vision and Image Processing algorithms and methods for automated inspection machines

Build an independent research career for exceptional scientists and engineers

Positions: Research Fellowship

Seeker: University of Manchester.

Location: Oxford Road, Manchester, UK.

The basic profile of the candidate:

● Education: Ph.D. in a relevant subject, including Physics, Chemistry, Engineering, Materials Science, or related disciplines.

● Experience: Between 5-10 years of experience in the bridge engineering profession is preferred.

● Skills: Knowledge of industry bridge inspection standards and guidelines used in Western Canada is preferred. Also, knowledge of snooper vehicles, flagging, and other non-destructive technique sub-consultants in Western Canada would be beneficial.

● Bonus: Underwater inspection knowledge or skills are considered as a bonus

Job description: The University of Manchester is seeking researchers for the BP-ICAM Kathleen Lonsdale willing to combine game-changing capabilities in a wide range of materials sciences and engineering, including battery technology, catalysis, chemistry, coatings, corrosion, electrochemistry, electrocatalytic conversions, characterization, imaging, modeling, membranes, nature-inspired surfaces, separations, and self-healing materials.​

Research development for smallholder’s farmers in developing world

Position: Mechanization Specialist

Seeker: CYMMYT.

Location: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

The basic profile of the candidate:

● Education: Ph.D. in technical sciences, agricultural engineering, or mechanization

● Experience: At least five years of proven experience in the farm machinery industry, mechanization, and research.

● Skills: Proven managerial, technical skills and expertise in mechanization and its industry, including the ability to work beyond plot level on issues related to the enabling environment for large-scale adoption and understanding agricultural research for development in Africa.

Job description: CYMMYT is seeking a Mechanization Specialist willing to contribute jointly with FAO and African Union, the implementation of Sustainable Agriculture Mechanization in Africa (SAMA-framework), under the guidance from the supervisor of the position, support the stakeholders and funders to develop a short-, medium-, and long-term agricultural mechanization research agenda to pursue future investment funding plan

Support and promote to unlock further the research potential of mechanization across its own.

Develop and apply machine learning techniques and closed-loop control algorithms for additive manufacturing

Position: Postdoctoral position in Machine Learning Model Development for Metal Additive Manufacturing

Seeker: CSIRO.

Location: Melbourne, Australia.

The basic profile of the candidate:

● *Education:* A doctorate (or will shortly satisfy the requirements of a Ph.D.) in a relevant discipline area, such as Machine Learning, Data Science, Applied Mathematics, Computer Science

● *Experience:* To be eligible for this role, you must have no more than three years (or part-time equivalent) of postdoctoral research experience.

● *Skills:* Demonstrated hands-on experience in training machine learning models and an excellent understanding of the various types of machine learning models, strong programming skills, and a good knowledge of data structures relevant to ML.

Job description: CSIRO is seeking a Postdoctoral researcher willing to develop machine learning models and associated closed-loop control algorithms for controlling defect formation in the metal additive manufacturing process, write code using an open-source language that can be used in an R&D additive manufacturing machine to test the strategy developed, interact with additive manufacturing and machine learning process experts to fine-tune strategies.

Networking & Knowledge Exchange

EUROCORR 2021. Virtual

European Federation of Corrosion will be sharing a five-day event providing high-level scientific presentations scheduled in many parallel sessions for four days. The schedule includes plenary and keynote lectures by internationally recognized experts, workshops, discussion forums, and exhibitions to introduce industrial stakeholders effectively.

Dates: FromMonday, September 20th to Friday, September 24th of 2021.

Corrosion – Recognition and prevention. Virtual

TUV Austria offers a day training course to provide you with the basics to understand the different corrosion forms and tools for preventing corrosion in practice. Including topics such as:

● Introduction to corrosion

● Corrosion mechanisms: recognition and prevention

● Uniform corrosion

● Pitting corrosion

● Galvanic corrosion

● Crevice corrosion

● Stress-corrosion cracking

● (Corrosion) Fatigue

● Corrosion under insulation (CUI)

Dates: Tuesday, September 14th of 2021.

Advances in Corrosion Protection by Organic Coatings. In-person

This event will be with speakers from a range of backgrounds but emphasizing the younger members of the corrosion community. The Institute’s premier award, the U.R. Evans will be presented to Professor Mary Ryan from Imperial College, London, followed by her award lecture.

Dates: FromSunday, September 05th to Thursday, September 09th of 2021.

Photo by Nathan Dumlao on Unsplash