Materials.Business Weekly ⚙️

February 22, 2022

Quote of the week: "The way to get started is to quit talking and begin doing." Walter Elias Disney (1901 – 1966), US animator, writer, voice actor, and film producer, co-founder of The Walt Disney Company.


​ From The Editor's Corner

Corrosionists and the biz star

Here Without any doubt, the Oil & Gas industry has been the crown jewel of the world business and economy because it has powered the world since almost two hundred years ago. At the time, O&G has been the key sector in the field of corrosion and protection of materials and assets, owing to the fact of its economic relevance but also because it is one of the industries more prone to the deterioration of their assets due to the aggressiveness of the raw materials, the exploitation environments, and the chemical, thermal, and mechanical requirements of the refining process. It is easy to understand why many Corrosionists are involved with the O&G sector. But also, why it has been recently estimated that the total direct corrosion cost in this Chinese industry was 2.82% of the total production value.

Working conditions are highly variable according to the step to get valuable products. Usually, three main stages cover extracting oil and natural gas from the ground, transportation to the processing plant, and the conversion into finished or refined products. Such stages are the upstream, the midstream, and the downstream subsectors of the O&G industry—three very different stages, with many particularities concerning corrosion problems. Indeed, specific solutions, too. Looking at some of these answers is terrific. Then the invitation is to review some of the in-force patents about inventions related to anticorrosion measurements in the different subsectors.

An invention granted (in force)

Patent granter: Federal Service for Intellectual Property of the Russian Federation - ROSPATENT

Patent No.: 2366926C2

Title: Detector of contamination and corrosion for control of production processes

Inventor (s): Gregory S. Brown

Applicant (s): Rosemount Inc.

Date of patent: 10.09.2009

Summary: In this case, the invention is a simple device that is easy to install inside a pipeline which can provide information about the intensity and nature of corrosion or contamination in an adjacent asset. Variations in the quality and the attenuation coefficient of the resonant frequency response of the device, measured by piezoelectric principles, are associated with the deterioration occurring in the equipment of interest. The magnitude of the increase is used to indicate the degree and nature of corrosion or contamination. An alarm will be transmitted to the control center if the limit value is overpassed.

An invention granted (in force)

Patent granter: China National Intellectual Property Administration - CNIPA

Patent No.: 103238060B

Title: Method and apparatus for measuring system parameters for mitigating corrosion in crude oil distillation units

Inventor (s): Rodney H. Banks, Steven R. Jota, and Sasha Wirtz

Applicant (s): Nalco Corporation

Date of patent: 20.04.2016

Summary: Here again, we have found a device including a light source and an optical sensor for monitoring parameters linked to corrosion processes, such as pH, chlorides, or iron concentration. Measurements of absorbance and fluorescence are used to follow changes in optical properties like color, turbidity, or fluorescence of a working fluid added with some specific pH and other specific chemical concentration indicators fed from a boron-doped diamond electrolytic cell. Chemicals employed include bromcresol purple, fluorescein, p-Toluenesulfonic acid, phosphines, calcein blue, ferrozine, silver nitrate, thioglycol, ammonia, pH damping fluid, ferrous reductive agent, fluorescent dye, and lucigenin.


An invention granted (in force)

Patent granter: Canadian Intellectual Property Office - CIPO

Patent No.: 2868885C

Title: Methods of removing a wellbore isolation device using galvanic corrosion

Inventor (s): Michael L. Fripp, Syed Hamid, and Pete Dagenais

Applicant (s): Halliburton Energy Services Inc.

Date of patent: 28.11.2017

Summary: The described invention is concerned with applying corrosion principles to solve the technical duty of removing a wellbore isolation device. This procedure uses an isolation device like a ball and a seat type, comprising a galvanic couple, where a purposeful interaction with an electrolyte dissolves the anodic part. The electrodes of the designed corrosion cell are nuggets of materials like beryllium, tin, iron, nickel, copper, zinc, or graphite. The designed galvanic pair and the nature of the selected electrolyte determine the dissolution rate of the anodic part of the isolation device.

Remember: Protection of materials and equipment is a profitable business!

Prof. Carlos Arroyave, Ph.D. Editor.


Materials Biz News

Robotic dogs are here for helping industry asset protection

A recent head in the newspapers concerned with the entrance of robotic dogs into surveillance duties and other activities related to control, prevention, security, safety, or even defense in charge of authorities elsewhere. According to Allied Market Research, the inspection robots market is another example of the post-globalization arrival, supported by the emerging technologies and fueled by the pandemic, the application of robots in such a kind of duties will be growing significantly in the coming years. The inspection robots market size was estimated at USD $940 million in 2020, and the Company’s projection is to reach almost USD $14.000 million by the end of the decade. But the more exciting applications of four legs robots, mobile robots, sometimes simulating dogs, are concerned with economic issues. The Corrosionists know very well how essential the inspection duties in our jobs are and how challenging, complex, hard, and risky they are, most of the time. We can remember the inspection of pipelines, boats, industrial plants, submerged installations, offshore platforms, large buildings, etc. Companies like BostonDynamics offer inspection possibilities, thorough, more straightforward, safer, and even cheaper. Their dogs for industrial inspection offer automated, remote, or hazardous inspections with different types of sensors for colorful visual inspection, gauge reading, thermal sensing, leak detection, infrared imaging, and laser scanning. The captured information can be automatically stored and processed, giving first-hand reports.


Artificial Intelligence makes recycling easier

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is effervescing. Another Corrosionists’ significant issue deals with the recycling of materials, mainly nowadays when one of the bolt recommendations about Circular Economy talks about the need for complete materials recycling as a condition of further development. AMP Robotics is offering a valuable solution looking for an automatic identification categorization of waste streams, such as electronic scrap, or construction and demolition debris, by using an artificial intelligence platform fed with the supporting data, image registration cameras monitoring the waste, and a further sorting, picking and placing of materials according to their nature, color, size, brand, etc. According to AMP, benefits of this new technology are the opportunity to improve performance and reduce operating costs, increasing the value of the secondary resources, and improving the economics of recycling by:

  • Avoiding costly rejections by validating contamination-free material for resale.
  • Eliminating error-prone manual monitoring processes.
  • Preventing system downtime by anticipating issues.
  • Spotting hazards that could cause physical risks to staff.
  • Identifying volume and material composition trends to optimize operations.



Jobs

Changing the making, shaping, and treating of engineering materials

Post-Doctoral Researcher for Laser-based Additive Manufacturing of Metals

Better coatings for more resistant glasses

Coating Process Engineer


Networking & Knowledge Exchange

“Reshaping the Future”

It is the motto of the coming XX Congress of the Portuguese Society of Materials. An event to be hold joint together with the XI International Symposium on Materials and the II Iberian Meeting on Materials Science. The meeting host will be the Center for Rapid & Sustainable Product Development of the Polytechnic – CDRSP - of Leiria, and the chairs will be our colleagues Nuno Alves and Geoffrey Mitchell from the CDRSP. Unique goals of the Congress will be to promote the Triple Helix interaction and foster young materials scientists and engineers facing arriving times as best trained as possible. MATERIAIS 2022 includes four special sessions on:

  • Materials for Additive Manufacturing
  • Sustainable Materials
  • Materials and Processes: Digital twins
  • Materials: From Academy to Industry

Dateline for abstracts submission: Monday, February 28 of 2022.

Dates: Sunday to Wednesday, April 10 to 13, 2022.

Venue: Marinha Grande, Portugal.

https://congressomateriais.pt/


Going ahead with the energy transition

Hybrid. CSIRO, Australia’s National Science Agency, will be hosting the “21st International Meeting Lithium Batteries – IMLB.” This is the largest research conference of its type on the subject, emphasizing both basic and applied research findings that have led to improved Li battery materials and the understanding of the fundamental processes that determine and control electrochemical performance. A central theme of the meeting is to address advances not only in lithium-ion technologies and their current and future applications in transportation, commercial, aerospace, and biomedical and other emerging industries. The technical program includes poster presentations by participants in general, a group of speeches by invited speakers from around the world, and five well-recognized pioneers on Li batteries as plenary speakers: Clare Grey (University of Cambridge, UK), Stanley Whittingham (State University of New York, US), Maria Forsyth (Deakin University, Australia), Jeff Dahn (Dalhousie University, Canada), and Atsuo Yamada (The University of Tokyo, Japan). Some of the topics to be considered are mobile and stationary storage, electrolytes, anodes and cathodes, mining & resourcing, next-gen batteries, and sustainability & recycling.

Dateline for poster abstracts submission: Monday, February 28 of 2022.

Dates: Sunday to Friday, June 26 to July 01, 2022.

Venue: International Convention Centre, Sydney, Australia

http://www.imlb2022.org/


Upcoming events

March 2022

March 06th AMPP Annual conference and expo. (Link)

May 2022

May 29th The Electrochemical Society (ECS) 241st Meeting. (Link)

August 2022

August 28th Digital innovations for improving safety in chemical plants. (Link)

August 28th EUROCORR 2022. (Link)

Photo by Chris Liverani on Unsplash